Food allergy List

POPULAR FOOD THAT COULD CAUSE ALLERGY

Food allergy refers to exaggerated immune responses in allergic individuals due to reaction of immune system to certain foods. It is caused when the immune system of allergic individuals mistakes a harmless food protein as an allergen and attempts to fight against them by producing antibodies (specifically immunoglobulin E or IgE) in the system. The IGE in turn releases some chemical mediators including histamine, which are the reason for triggering symptoms of allergy reaction.

COMMON ALLERGENIC FOODS

The popular foods that cause allergic reactions are:

Peanut: One of the most common food allergies is peanut allergy, which can even cause severe life threatening condition including anaphylaxis. Even trace amount of peanuts in food or any casual contact with them can cause allergic reaction. The allergies are usually life-long.

Tree nuts: Allergy to tree nuts is life-long too and may cause anaphylaxis in sensitive people in rare cases. Common nuts that may cause allergy include:

  • Cashew nuts
  • Pine nuts
  • Pecans
  • Hazelnuts
  • Walnuts
  • Almonds
  • Brazil nuts
  • Macadamia nuts.

Milk: Allergy to milk is more common in babies, particularly in them with atopic dermatitis. Allergy is caused when immune system reacts to milk protein e.g. casein and whey. Symptoms for the allergy are often mild and include:

  • Rashes
  • Stomach cramps
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Skin hives
  • In rare cases, anaphylaxis

Egg: Egg allergy is usually caused by three egg proteins namely conalbumin, ovomucoid and ovalbumin present in egg white.

Wheat: The allergy is particularly common in babies. A wheat protein called gliadin is responsible for the allergic reaction. People with allergy to wheat are recommended to have gluten free diet to avoid the allergic reactions.

Soy: Soyabin allergy is another common food allergy usually seen in children. Soya is present in many food products for example- processed meats, seasoned foods, breakfast cereals, bakery goods, ice cream, margarine, sweets and drinks, and allergic reaction to soya shows the following symptoms-

  • Breathing difficulties
  • Abdominal cramp
  • Diarrhea
  • Skin rash
  • Vomiting

Fish: Adults are more likely to have fish allergy. Most common types of finned fish to which individuals are allergic include:

  • Salmon
  • Mackerel
  • Hake
  • Halibut
  • Cod
  • Tuna

Shellfish: Shellfish may create severe allergic reactions in allergic individuals. Some suchlike shellfish include:

  • Clams
  • Mussels
  • Oysters
  • Crab
  • Prawns
  • Shrimps
  • Lobster
  • Crayfish
  • Scallops

SYMPTOMS FOR FOOD ALLERGY

Food allergy affects nearly up to 3% of adults and 6-8% of children under age 3. Reactions range from mild conditions to severe life threatening condition. Consult an online doctor if you suspect having a food allergy by observing the following mild or severe symptoms:

MILD SYMPTOMS

  • Itchiness in ear canal or mouth
  • Skin Hives or rashes
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Sneezing
  • Odd taste in mouth
  • Eczema
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Itchy, watery eyes
  • Swelling

SEVERE SYMPTOMS

  • Trouble or obstructive swallowing
  • Fall in blood pressure
  • Chest pain
  • Weak pulse
  • Wheezing
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Swelling of the throat, lips or tongue

ANAPHYLAXIS

Some food allergy may lead to severe life threatening condition named anaphylactic reaction or anaphylaxis. Popular foods that may cause anaphylaxis include milk, peanuts, fish, tree nuts, eggs, shellfish and preservatives. The following symptoms may occur in such reaction-

  • Difficulty breathing, speaking or swallowing
  • Fall in blood pressure
  • Swelling of the airways and mouth
  • Collapse and loss of consciousness
  • Nausea and vomiting

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treatment

Treatment for acoustic neuroma – Basic Approach

When acoustic neuroma is in the early stages, some doctors choose to just observe it but keep a close observation on it. Acoustic neuroma illness tends to grow at a very slow rate and may take quite some time before any symptoms are visible. The disadvantages of the acoustic neuroma treatments is that they may have many side effects and complications hence there are risks involved.

The major acoustic neuroma treatments include:

  • Radiotherapy
  • Radio-surgery (stereotactic)
  • Surgery

Treatment method chosen will be determined by:

  • The position and size of the acoustic neuroma tumor
  • Your health condition
  • Age
  • The results obtained from the scans and tests carried out help to determine which treatment option that is best for you

Surgery

A brain surgeon or a neurosurgeon removes the acoustic neuroma tumor by operating on it. The determining factors are mainly the location of the tumor on the vestibulocochlear-nerve or the tumor size in the brain. One is given an aesthetic before undergoing surgery. This is the most common way of treating and removing the acoustic neuroma tumors. Approximately 95 inn a 100 acoustic neuroma tumors can be completely removed.

The reason as to why the remaining 5 cases in 100 may not be completely removed is that technically, it is pretty hard to get rid of the whole tumor or the risk of the surgery resulting in extra damage to the brain nerves could be too high. In cases where some acoustic neuroma tumor remains behind, it can be comfortably treated by radiotherapy. One normally recovers from surgery in 1½-3 months. For tumors that were totally removed, no more treatment is needed.

Radiotherapy

Radiotherapy treatment is mostly used to treat both the malignant and benign tumors. A cancer specialist otherwise known as an oncologist offers this type of treatment. A tumor may be totally destroyed or shrink using the radiotherapy treatment. High beams of energy are used in the radiations which are properly directed to the tumor. Radiotherapy is used mostly in treating cancer and more common in brain tumors.

The MRI scans are used in planning the radiotherapy treatments. This helps the oncologist to decide the best direction to focus the beams on the brain tumor without damaging tissues that are healthy. This helps to avoid any complications or damage. There are many radiotherapy sessions in the course of treatment

There are some new kinds of radiotherapy that are being employed to treat brain tumors.

Stereotactic radiotherapy

There is the type known as Cyber knife radiotherapy where the treatment is provided using a machine for radiotherapy that is attached to a robot arm. X-rays are taken constantly taken when the treatment is ongoing. This ensures that incase there is even the smallest movement; the beams are focused back to the target. This is also referred to as stereotactic radiotherapy.

A single radiation dose is directed very precisely to the specific area in the brain which is affected by the tumor. Stereotactic simply refers to finding a certain point by the use of the 3D co-ordinates.

The advantage of this treatment method is that it prevents further tumor growth and makes it shrink but does not destroy or remove it. It is very suitable for tiny tumors.

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